PGNAA Spectral Classification of Metal with Density Estimations

Helmand Shayan , Kai Krycki , Marco Doemeland und Markus Lange-Hegermann,
Aug 2022

For environmental, sustainable economic and political reasons, recycling processes are becoming increasingly important, aiming at a much higher use of secondary raw materials. Currently, for the copper and aluminium industries, no method for the non-destructive online analysis of heterogeneous materials are available. The Promt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis (PGNAA) has the potential to overcome this challenge. A difficulty when using PGNAA for real-time classification arises from the small amount of noisy data, due to short-term measurements. In this case, classical evaluation methods using detailed peak by peak analysis fail. Therefore, we propose to view spectral data as probability distributions. Then, we can classify material using maximum log-likelihood with respect to kernel density estimation and use discrete sampling to optimize hyperparameters. For measurements of pure aluminium alloys we achieve near perfect classification of aluminium alloys under 0.25 second.

Literatur Beschaffung: arXiv
author= {Shayan, Helmand and Krycki, Kai and Doemeland, Marco and Lange-Hegermann, Markus},
title= {PGNAA Spectral Classification of Metal with Density Estimations},
howpublished= {arXiv},
month= {Aug},
year= {2022},
note= {},